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By JFY Content Team

10 Tips to Help Graduates Succeed in Their Career

Graduation.

For thousands of recent graduates across the country, graduation holds a two-sided definition: It is both the end of something and the beginning of something. For many, it is the transition they have been waiting for — time to step forward from a lifetime of learning and into a career.

To help recent college grads transition from the classroom to the office, here are 10 tips for success.

1. Be open-minded

Try and work with as many different types of people and in as many different situations as possible. Volunteer for interesting projects, introduce yourself to someone new every day and embrace the uncomfortable nature of not knowing everything.

2. Be measured

Make sure you and your manager share the same point of view on success. Your daily priorities should align to with the broader business goals.

Do a weekly check-in to ensure what you do is material to the success of the overall business.

3. Be collaborative

In college, you needed to be self-focused. Now it is about the business. The old saying “there is no ‘I’ in team” is 100 percent true. If you cannot collaborate, you will have a hard time being successful, and you are not going to get a lot of fulfillment out of your day. Don’t be a lone wolf.

4. Be patient

Things are going to go wrong. Use these moments in time as opportunities to accelerate the development of your own self-awareness and growth. You can’t run away when something doesn’t go your way. Stay involved and be an embodiment of the change you want to see.

5. Be flexible

Even if you don’t love your first job, do it well and find ways to empower others to do their jobs well. Proving that you can useful and resourceful will make your leaders, co-workers, and even other companies want you on their team.

An entry-level job is an opportunity. If you can be good for the business, the business will be good to you. If you can persist and do a job you don’t like well, imagine what you can do when you find your passion.

6. Be resilient

In college, when you fail it’s a sign that you didn’t learn and may not graduate. It is black and white. In your career, you will fail, and when you do, you learn hugely valuable lessons that you can take with you the rest of your working life. Handle your mistakes with grace and turn them into action rather than inaction. Don’t hang your head. Bounce back and take what you have learned and move forward.

7. Be proactive

Some people want things to happen, some people wish things would happen and some people make things happen. Get involved in the business and find ways to be proactive. Utilize your strengths to drive impact, identify areas of weakness where your involvement in certain projects will help you refine your skillset.

8. Be humble

Any great entrepreneur, artist or athlete will tell you that they did not get ascend their career alone. You will need many mentors throughout your career so be open-minded. You will find interesting people you can learn from all over the place.

9. Be curious

Learning never ends. Stay on top of what is happening around you. Follow trends that will help your business, read books that interest you. If you maintain a passion for learning you never feel irrelevant.

10. Be gracious

As you find success, make sure you highlight the “how” over the “what”. It isn’t just about scoring touchdowns and putting points on the board. How you got there is likely the result of work others have done to help you out. Bring people along for the ride and never dismiss the contributions other have made.

 

Credit: Entreprenuer

By JFY Content Team

4 reasons to look beyond ‘scope’ when choosing your career

Scope is a term often used in the career world. ‘Scope of biotechnology’, ‘scope of psychology in India’, ‘which career has the most scope’ are some of the most popular Google search terms related to careers in India, and they are a befitting example of our obsession with “scope” as a factor for career choice.

The ‘scope’ obession

  • Scope is imprinted in our minds to the extent that it becomes one of the primary factors in most career decisions
  • As long as a career has a good scope in the future, our interest, personality, aptitude and career-fit, nothing seems to matter
  • A preoccupation with scope can prove to be detrimental to your career choice

Here are 4 reasons why you need to look beyond the scope of a career when making your career choice:

1. THE CAREER WITH THE MOST SCOPE MIGHT NOT BE A GOOD FIT FOR YOU

For instance, a Google search result tells you that engineering has the most scope in the future, however, if you don’t even exhibit the basic aptitude necessary to become an engineer, then it can prove to be a disaster for you.

  • Your fit for a career depends on factors such as your aptitude, interest, personality traits, motivators, etc

If these factors do not match with the career purported to have the most scope, you would not be able to do justice to your job or feel satisfied with it.

  • Hence, the scope of your career cannot define your success in that career

The path leading to each career requires hard work, talent and skills, and the amalgamation of these determines how successful you will be — irrespective of the scope.

You might be at the top of the hierarchy in a career with less scope, or at the bottom of the hierarchy in a career with more scope.

The choice is yours.

2. SCOPE FOR MANY FIELDS IS CREATED OVER TIME

  • ‘Scope’ is a very fluid concept and is never static

The career that might be soaring high in the job market today may fade away in the near future, and a career that doesn’t even exist today may bloom into a fully-functioning industry as time passes!

  • The dynamic nature of the world of careers creates space for novel jobs to exist with the passage of time

Fields like data science, UI/UX design, machine learning, social media marketing, blogging, ethical hacking, etc, which didn’t even exist a few decades ago, are today among the top emerging careers.

Hence, choose a field where your heart lies and the scope will be created for it over time.

3. YOU MIGHT MISS OUT ON SOMETHING PERFECT FOR YOU IN THE PURSUIT OF SCOPE

  • The thought that the career you choose will not have a good future is one that scares many
  • Yet, what you are not considering is if the career is meant for you, you can do miracles and create a demand for that career yourself!

An example of such a person who wrote his own destiny is Amit Agarwal

He was India’s first professional blogger, who started his tech blog ‘The Digital Inspiration’ back in 2004 when blogging was an entirely alien concept.

  • Now, he has 3 million+ visitors on his blog every month!
  • Thus, scope exists in each and every field, and there are always people who can prove their worth through their work

Don’t miss out on something perfect for you in the blind chase behind scope!

4. SCOPE IS OFTEN MORE SYNONYMOUS WITH POPULARITY THAN ACTUAL DEMAND

  • People often believe that if they follow the trodden path that everyone follows, success might knock on their door
  • If a path makes one person successful, it might not throw light on other people too
  • Not realizing this, people often run behind other people so as to carve a niche for themselves

This crowd/herd mentality is more often than not the actual reason behind why some careers are professed to have a lot of scope, even when there is no actual data to support such claims.

  • This illusionary scope produced by other’s opinions might land you in trouble

Hence, trust your instincts (and counsellors) for they know where you are meant to be!

SO WHAT IS MORE IMPORTANT THAN SCOPE?

  • Scope is not the best factor to determine your perfect career, as we have already discussed
  • The intertwined threads of personality, aptitude and interest will indeed weave your best fit

Popularity may reduce demand in a career, opinion of someone else might not suit you, or a perfect career for you might exist today.

  • Thus, only you can create the need of your career and strive to do well, irrespective of its scope!

 

Credit: India Today

By JFY Content Team

Check out the fastest growing job in retail

 

According to the data published by LinkedIn, sales function is still the most popular retail job. The relative size of sales has shrunk from a peak of 33% of all retail jobs in 2013 down to 29% in 2017.

 

Something big is happening in retail. In 2013, there were almost 200,000 people who identified themselves as retail associates on their LinkedIn profile—just four years later, that number plummeted to 116,000.

You can probably guess why: online shopping is more popular than ever while traditional brick-and-mortar stores are closing at record numbers.

As just one example of this trend, Walmart, the world’s biggest retailer, recently announced it was closing over 60 brick-and-mortar Sam’s Club stores—and converting some of them into distribution centers for online shopping orders. Fewer stores mean fewer sales people needed on the floor—and more online shopping means more tech people required behind the scenes.

With retail evolving so quickly, we wanted to see how the talent needs of the industry are changing, especially in regards to sales and engineering talent. The trends we found by analyzing LinkedIn data reveal that both roles in retail have changed significantly, even in just the last few years. Suddenly, software developers are the fastest-growing job in retail—and the industry now finds itself competing for a new kind of talent.

Here are the insights we found and what it means for employers and employees in retail and outside the industry.

Sales are still the most popular retail job

While the number of retail associates has fallen dramatically over the past few years, sales are still the most significant function of retail (and it’s not even close).

Sales talent makes up 29% of the workforce in retail—that’s over twice the size of the second-biggest function, operations (13%). Engineering and IT talent are the third most common type of employee in retail, representing 9% of the industry, with support (8%), marketing (6%), and other roles rounding things out.

However, the proportion of salespeople employed is shrinking

The relative size of sales has shrunk from a peak of 33% of all retail jobs in 2013 down to 29% in 2017. At the same time, engineering and IT grew from 7% to 9% of employees in retail (but more on that later).

Retail associates who leave their jobs move into administrative, customer service, and food service roles

Retail associates may feel like they’re on the unsteady ground. In the words of one former retail worker who lost her job and decided she’s done with the industry, “there is no job security anymore.” We saw that the number of retail associates had fallen quickly over the last four years—so we wanted to see where they’re going next.

Of all retail associates who took on a new job title in the last five years (whether in retail or another industry), the most common next job was administrative employee followed by customer service specialist. The third most common move wasn’t to a job at all—it was back to school as a student. Food service represented the third-most common situation of retail associates leaving the position.

As retail goes digital, engineering jobs and skills are on the rise

Despite the drop in the proportion of sales roles, other functions within retail are showing promising growth—particularly in engineering. As the president of the National Retail Federation said in a recent interview, “many retailers see tremendous growth in very specialized positions, especially technology—whether that’s data science or engineering or cybersecurity.”

The percent of retail employees in engineering roles rose from 7% in 2013 to 9% in 2017. That might not sound like a lot, but the speed of the increase is striking—especially when you look at job titles. When analyzed the most common jobs in retail (grouping jobs into generic categories to control for slight differences in titles), there was one huge outlier.

The software developer is now the third-most common job in retail, rising from the eighth-most common in 2013

When you think “software developer,” you don’t usually think retail—but that may soon change. Sure, the salesperson is still the #1 job, but the increase in software developers is a shocking shift in just four years.

With developers now the third-most common job in the industry, we wondered exactly what skills were most common among retail developers.

The most common and fastest-growing skills for developers in retail revolve around the web and user experience

The single most popular skill among retail developers was Java, a pervasive programming language that’s particularly well-suited to web applications (which could be useful for building an e-commerce store). JavaScript and HTML, the second- and fourth-most common skills, are fundamental to website development, while SQL (the third-most common skill) is used to access and edit databases (which could be useful for tracking inventory and customers).

The fastest-growing skill for developers in retail is React.js, a JavaScript library that’s used for building user interfaces—which makes sense since e-commerce retailers are increasingly focused on delivering excellent user experience.

Unsurprisingly, many of the skills most unique to retail developers (compared to all other software developers) deal with challenges central to retail—including warehouse management system (WMS) implementation, supply chain optimization, and Oracle Retail, a cloud computing technology that, according to Oracle, “empowers retailers to deliver unified consumer experiences across e-commerce and brick and mortar locations.”

Almost everyone knows the retail industry is shifting—the move to online shopping and the closure of many traditional stores is visible in our everyday lives. But the composition of the industry’s talent is shifting, too. The number of sales associates, traditionally the backbone of retail, is shrinking, as many looks for opportunities elsewhere.

In their place, the e-commerce trend has brought an engineering boom—meaning retail is yet another industry competing for tech talent as it transforms itself (e.g., the finance industry is also rebranding itself in an attempt to attract more tech talent). The brick-and-mortar to e-commerce story is part of a much more significant trend towards tech skills, which makes for a fiercely competitive market among employers in retail and beyond.

Methodology

Insights on the retail industry’s workforce composition, hiring trends, popular job titles, and skills are drawn from LinkedIn’s aggregate member data. Functions are classes of job roles, inferred by job title. Job titles are standardized to control for slight variations.

For this analysis, the retail industry comprises companies of at least 100 employees that sell general merchandise (e.g., supermarkets), sell specialty goods, or sell online as e-commerce businesses.

We analyzed the skills of software developers at retail companies to find their top skills (by volume of members), fastest-growing skills (calculated by percentage of  retail developers adding that skill in last 6 months), and most unique skills (calculated by comparing the percentage of retail developers with specific skills against the percentage of all software developers with those skills).

Credit: People Matters

By JFY Content Team

India’s best companies to work for and why

A study by The Economic Times and Great Place to Work® that recognises organisations that are great employers

By Basuri Dutta and Aniruddha Kulkarni

Right now, the global economy is going through the labour pains of Third Industrial Revolution, manifested through technological innovation and digital disruption, giving way to new business models. The effect of all the above is perceived to be fuelling ideological shifts and rise of nationalism across different parts of the world.

With the rapid and exponential pace of technological innovation, it is simply not enough for businesses to deliver products and services. They are getting commoditised in no time, in the digital era. Customer experience becomes even more important. Incidentally, positive customer experience is characterised by empathy. It is the key essence of the sumtotal of all interactions that businesses have with their customers. And the one who can deliver this to customers is an employee who, in turn, is impacted by the sum-total of positive experiences at the workplace.

Therefore, the only indispensable factor in this entire equation turns out to be an employee with a positive workplace experience that translates into a great customer experience. AI can replace many jobs, but not this kind of an employee.


While the above insight is intuitively understood by industry, research shows that, globally, companies spend 1 trillion USD to track, design and deliver customer experience, but, when it comes to employee experience, the spend is only about 750 million USD (as per a research quoted by Diana Dosik, Principal at Boston Consulting Group).

Great Place to Work® Institute in its research finds that, the world-over, it is the constant endeavour of the best workplaces to employ the same kind of rigour and discipline in designing and delivering experiences to their employees, as they would do for their customers.

India’s 100 Best Companies to Work For 2018 have clearly made it a priority and are creating positive experiences across the employee experience ecosystem, characterised by Credibility of Management, Respect for People, Fairness at the Workplace, Pride in the Organisation and Camaraderie with Colleagues, all in an environment of Trust. The result is a High-Trust, High-Performance CultureTM .


The Study saw participation from a diverse set of industries which also find representation in the 100 Best Companies to Work For.

Only 19 out of India’s 100 Best Companies to Work For 2018 are new entrants into the list, the rest are either old organisations or re-entries that have been on the list in the past. And, while the 100 Best Companies of 2018 sustained the quality of employee experience (83% of the people surveyed reported back positive experience) over last year’s Top 100, there is a clear differentiated experience that they could deliver to their people, as compared to the rest of the companies that were part of the Study.

The Study reinforces that the factors that drive the quality of employee experience across all organisations, whether the Best or the Rest, are essentially the same. These are factors like ‘opportunities for career growth and leadership development’, ‘pride in the organisation’s brand’, ‘its ability to attract talent’, ‘a strong sense of community with colleagues’, ‘fair evaluation of performance’, ‘egalitarian treatment’, ‘alignment with the key goals of the organisation’ and ‘management integrity and ethical business practices’.

Which are the areas where an average company finds it very difficult to match the best workplaces?

Employees surveyed in the Best Companies report significantly more positive experience compared to the rest in the following areas:

Special and unique benefits
At Salesforce, primary caregivers can take 26 weeks paid time off and secondary caregivers can take 12 weeks paid time off to bond with their new baby or the adopted child, at 80% of their on-target earnings (OTE) – including base salary, commissions, and bonus.

Titan Sethu is a paid apprenticeship programme, with a combination of on the job and personality development related learning inputs, aimed at making the children of Titan employees job ready.

Fair gain-sharing
SC Johnson Products Pvt Ltd takes pride in sharing profits with all employees, irrespective of tenure. The quantum of amount shared is based on employees’ performance and job level. All the new joiners who have served for less than 6 months in a financial year are paid token profit share. SC Johnson has been following the practice of profit sharing consistently for 99 years.

Ujjivan Small Finance Bank offers Employee Stock Options to the eligible employees based on their performance and tenure in the organisation. The stock options are granted to all eligible employees across the board regardless of their grade or level in the organisation, be it a driver or a national-level manager. An ESOP online portal is also available for easy access by the employees.


Collaboration at work strengthened by a consultative culture of decision making

The Great Place to Work Ambassador Programme at Intuit India aims at taking the organisation to the next phase of awesomeness, by inviting passionate employee volunteers who would champion Intuit’s transformation journey by inspiring more and more colleagues to share their feedback and be the voice of change; sharing and cross-pollinating best practices across key people themes from their own teams for their Great Place to Work Culture story.

The apex leadership at Aditya Birla Sun Life AMC shared the company Budget Document with all employees and received 600 overall reflections. There was a surprise gift for all those who gave feedback on the Budget document. Some of the reflections may be included in the coming year’s business plan.

Impartiality of managers and absence of politicking
Adobe’s Grievances Redressal by Expert Resources Programme creates awareness among all employees through a workshop series covering all employees. Sessions are designed for the Managers and Individual Contributors on workplace conduct.

Fun @ work
Mahindra Adventure a fun and adventure programme of Mahindra & Mahindra Automotive & Farm Equipment Sectors gives employees a chance to explore and test out the off-road capabilities of Mahindra vehicles. With a series of popular off-roading events, the Great Escape, and several Adventure Challenges & multi-Day Escapes, the Company delivers its promise of providing adrenalin-pumping challenges.

At Hardcastle Restaurants (McDonald’s), an entire week is celebrated as Thanks-Giving week as a part of which employees and their families are not only thanked for their contributions but one of the days is a role reversal day at the stores when all the Crew Members are Managers and all Managers become Crew Members. The other days of the week are filled with celebrations, gifts, competitions etc.

Equal recognition opportunities for all
At Oberoi Hotels, all employees who find a mention in the Leading Quality Assurance (LQA) reports for delivering exceptional service and adhering to the service standards, are awarded the title ‘LQA Champ’. LQA is an independent agency that carries our mystery audits in hotels by posing as regular customers.

The study finds that 100 Best Companies drive superior quality of employee experience across all the above areas, resulting in a High-Trust, High-Performance CultureTM .

This is affirmed by an independent research by RSM International which finds that the publicly traded stocks of Best Workplaces in India give returns which are at least 4 times that of other market indices such as BSE Sensex and Nifty 50.

There are sharp contrasts between the Best and the Rest with respect to positive employee experience across several key indicators such as discretionary effort, intent to stay in the organisation, vision and purpose articulated by the management and Brand Advocacy.

Based on the quality of employee experience reported by employees, there is a spectrum on which different industries find a place, in this year’s study.

Interestingly what this study also finds is that quality of employee experience reported by employees across all of the below industries on a singular element of ‘Impartiality of managers’ can actually be a proxy for the overall trend on employee experience.

With respect to factors that drive positive employee experience, the study found some common trends running across most industries, viz. fair performance evaluation, opportunities for career growth and stressfree work environment. However, there are unique trends that we observe in some of the key industries .

While the GDP is slowing down the world over, India is one of the few exceptions. Globally, with the convergence of technologies in three key areas, namely, communication, energy and mobility & logistics, that fundamentally change the way we organise, power and move our economic lives, there is going to be significant disruption experienced by Indian industry, particularly those that are directly within this ambit. Some of them despite being on the cusp of disruption and imminent radical transformation, seem to be holding out. With the gender ratio in Indian industry being largely out of balance, 79%(M):21%(W), there is significant scope to use the energies and skills of women, to ride the wave of economic success in India’s growth story. While businesses are transforming customer experience from moments to journeys, they would do well in designing journeys for their employees, consistently striving to deliver a positive employee experience.

Basuri Dutta is vice-president – Great Place to Work® Institute and Aniruddha Kulkarni is project manager – Great Place to Work® Institute

Credit: Economic Times | https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/jobs/indias-best-companies-to-work-for-and-why/articleshow/64822862.cms

By JFY Content Team

Facing An IT Job Interview? Here Are 33 Questions You Are Most Likely To Face

Top tech companies make most engineers go through several interviews and extensive coding exercises to get these prized jobs.

Software engineers are some of the most sought-after and highly-paid professionals in the job market today. According to the US Bureau of Labour and Statistics software engineering jobs in the US will grow at a rate of 17 percent over the next seven years, far outpacing job growth as a whole in the U.S.  While Silicon Valley giants like Google, Apple and Microsoft have long been some of the most sought-after employers in the tech space, the catch is that generally being chosen for a prime position in these companies is notoriously difficult. Top tech companies are extremely particular about the hiring the right kind of talent. As a result in addition to several interviews, most engineers go through extensive coding exercises to get these prized jobs.

To help software programmers prep for such interviews, US-based salary research site Paysa has compiled a list of 33 common software engineering interview questions broken down by the steps in the process you’ll encounter with most top tech companies.

Step 1. Initial Phone Screen with a Recruiter
Software engineers infamously receive countless requests from recruiters for conversations about new opportunities, Paysa said in its blog post, adding that, when speaking with a recruiter for the first time, your primary focus needs to be demonstrating to them that you’re worthy of speaking to the actual engineers.

Here are some of the common questions recruiters ask:

  • Why are you interested in working at “XYZ Company”?
  • Do you have experience with a certain coding language/technology we use here at XYZ Company?
  • What projects have you been focused on at your current job?
  • Do you have any leadership experience?
  • If so, how big was your team and what projects did you work on?
  • What are you looking for in an opportunity that would lure you away from your current employer?

Step 2. Panel Interview with Engineering Team
Interviewers at this stage are interested in learning more about you and your experience. However they may also ask about your personal background to make sure you are a right fit for the organisation culturally. Typical questions you might encounter at this stage can be
1. Cultural

  • What excites you about joining our team here?
  • What are your hobbies outside of work?
  • What do you love about your current job and work environment?
  • Describe your ideal company culture.
  • What’s the most important part of your work environment that will ensure you’re successful?
  • How would co-workers describe the role you play on the team?
  • Tell us a decision you made based on internal or external customer feedback.

2. Experiential

  • Which tools do you like to use for keeping track of requirements?
  • What’s most important when reviewing another team member’s code?
  • Describe your coding process from start to finish.
  • How do you prepare your code for different kinds of errors?
  • What’s your preferred language for complex algorithms?
  • How do you design scalable applications?
  • What project are you most proud of in your career thus far? Why?
  • Describe a project that failed. What happened? How did you rebound?

3. Technical

  • What is the difference between a mutex and a semaphore?
  • What is multithreaded programming?
  • What is the difference between local and global variables?
  • What’s the difference between local and global variables?
  • You have a single-threaded, C standard application that’s continuously crashing, but never in the same place. What could be causing the crash?
  • What is the difference between a queue and a stack?
  • What is a regression test?

Step 3. Coding Session with Engineering Team
You may be asked to do some basic coding as early as your second interview. But almost all companies have a larger coding session on-site as the final step in the interview process. Some typical questions you could face at this stage will be:

  • Big-O complexity analysis: What is it and how is it used?
  • Trees: Basic construction, traversal, and manipulation algorithms. Know how to implement balanced binary trees.
  • Stacks (implement a queue with two stacks)
  • Arrays and strings (reverse strings, permutations)

Credit: NDTV Profit

By JFY Content Team

For IT Professionals, Here Are 5 Tips To Make Your Resume Stand Out

On an average, hiring managers spend just six seconds vetting a resume. Here’s how you can make your resume stand out.

Make your resume stand out with these helpful tips

India’s IT sector has faced a slowdown in recent times. With hiring activity down, while potential candidates increase, recruiters are spending less time vetting resumes. On an average, hiring managers to spend just six seconds going over a resume, Simplilearn, an online professional education portal said. According to Monster.com, almost 75 percent of the resumes they receive in a week are rejected by hiring companies because of a weak resume, irrelevant experience, or for falsified information.

While one must hone their professional skills, a well-written resume which showcases the candidate’s skills and captures the attention of the recruiter is an important first step to getting a great job.

Here are some simple tips according to Simplilearn which will make your resume stand out:

According to Dr. John Sullivan, a renowned Human Resource (HR) specialist, two of the most important sections in any resume are your job title and the organizations that you have worked with. Companies also use Applicant Tracking Systems for initial screening. Thus it is important to use the right keywords in your resume.

Remember that the one-size-fits-all approach does not work. Customize your resume to highlight the skills which best correspond to the job description. In addition, go through the job description to identify the keywords used, and incorporate them prudently to ensure that your resume is selected during the ATS scan, Simplilearn said.
Emphasize your soft skills. It is important to package your soft skills when adding them to your resume. For example, if you want to showcase your ability to work under pressure, a sentence that reads “Preferred team member to go the extra mile during last-minute situations” works better than “Can handle pressure.”

Keep a section for awards you have won and the certifications that you have gained. Remember to include your career highlights while drafting your resume. Include statistics or measurable results to back up your achievements.

Relevant online presence: According to one study, 96 percent of recruiters use social media to look for qualified candidates, and LinkedIn tops the preferred social hiring tools list. That means that your LinkedIn profile should be updated. A formal profile picture, some good recommendations, and value-added work experience are the essential requisites of a good LinkedIn profile.

Credit: NDTV

By JFY Content Team

10 Tips For Choosing Technology Industry Careers

The technology industry is a vibrant marketplace of jobs and opportunities with a range of option to those entering college and looking to pursue a career in this field.

Here are 10 useful tips for choosing technology industry careers:

1. Be Prepared For Obsolescence

Whatever you learn are taught in college will probably be partly or completely obsolete by the time you get near technology in industry. The technology industry is generally so fast moving that items that are invented today are superseded by newer improved versions in no time at all. The lesson is not to focus on learning about too specific a technology as a new one will overtake it.

The exception is that some technologies are long-lasting cloud computing for example, or electric circuit design – knowing which they are, is a tricky prospect though sometimes!

2. Find A Niche

The latest technologies are protected heavily so if you want to work at the leading edge, you will have to find a niche career and possibly learn a lot of the technology details on-the-job; colleges are unlikely to have access to such new technologies except in those that have funded research departments. Not all have that luxury.

3. Realize The Technology Industry Isn’t For Everyone

The careers in this field tend to be relatively fast moving and constantly evolving as new innovations come along. Those who prefer a more sedentary pace and a longer term prospect must look to the technology giants for a career.

Those interested in exciting business ventures might prefer technology start-up companies. These expand fast and tend to have very steep promotion curves for those companies that survive the first year or two – these are precarious careers though and dependent on technological and marketing success of often new unproven products.

4. Know That Computer Programming Is A Lucrative Career Prospect…

…but unless you are really happy to sit and pore over lines of coding – some of which can take months to write, then this may not be the career for you. If you like to program a little and tinker about then many web-programming careers are a lot more appropriate. There still a lot of code but it is a different process to that of mainstream programming in C# or other languages that create more complex software.

This is not to say that programming is mundane – far from it – there are many other activities related to coding that are nothing to do with line after line of programming, including graphics and animation work to name just a couple.

5. Check Out Trends Using The Internet

Computing technologies such as cloud computing are rapidly taking over the world of storage and networking. These emerging technologies will become mainstays of the Future; these experts in the future will be paid very well for their knowledge and experience.

6. Avoid Trying To Go It Alone With A Technology Project

…particularly software development. Collaboration and interaction with others make for far superior and more robust products. Get help wherever necessary – you will be surprised as to how much help is available free. Raising money for a project is a particularly arduous task – don’t expect investors to come rushing to your door, they have much fish to fry and your project needs to be something special in most cases to get any interest.

7. Don’t Spend All Of Your Time Programming

Those with programming skills need to be wary of spending all their time programming and none with the sales/marketing that will be required when the job is done. A launch delay while you start a marketing campaign simply allows competitors to have the same idea and get there first so make sure you have a viable business plan that starts from the day you write the first line of code.

8. Choose Technologies Related To Your Training

If you are already pre-trained in a niche and simply moving towards the technology industry for a change of career, you can get on very quickly when you choose technologies that are related to your other training. For example, if you worked in security or government post and like investigation work, a career working in a data recovery services might suit you.

9. Stay Up-To-Date

Make sure you stay up-to-date with the technologies you are trained in otherwise you will get passed by when a younger person turns up with less experience but more knowledge about leading edge technologies. This does not necessarily mean nipping back to college every few months although some training courses may be required; it can simply mean keeping up to date with the latest developments in the technology area you work in – read the journals of the industry, try out new coding techniques – whatever it takes to stay ahead!

10. Learn Something New

Learn a number of related technology skills rather than just a single programming language or a single type of circuit design; the largest technology companies have a broad spectrum of jobs and functions they need to fill – the more you are able, the more opportunities you can pursue!

By JFY Content Team

15 Pieces Of The Best Career Advice Successful Business Leaders Ever Received

Throughout your life, you will always receive career advice – some bad and some good. What you do with the advice you receive is up to you, but in some instances, it can prove to be invaluable. A report from CNBC showed that the top women CEOs received valuable career advice from their moms that they still adhere to today.

Whether you have received advice from a mentor, peer or family member, it can help change the course of how you go about your career and the path you decide to take.

Below, 15 Forbes Agency Council members share the best career advice that they ever received and how it helped them throughout their journey.

1. Work Hard, Play Harder

In the creative industry, hours are long. You must work hard to succeed. But to be inspired and keep your finger on the pop culture pulse, you also really need to play hard. You need to get out there and live life. See the play. Hear the music. Go on the trip. A life lived solely behind a computer screen leaves little to the imagination. – Abby DowningZinePak

2. Avoid Being Paralyzed By Fear

When I graduated from college, I interviewed 300+ people about their best career advice. Not to downgrade their advice, but the best career lesson came from a fainting goat. Adult fainting goats experience temporary paralysis when they face fear. On the other hand, baby fainting goats know nothing about fear and move about the farm freely. The key to a career: Avoid being paralyzed by fear. – Brett FarmiloeMarkitors

3. Have A Path But Be Flexible

Have a general career path in mind, build relationships along that path, and be willing to accept challenges even if it seems they may lead you down a different path. You never know where those may lead. – Brian SullivanSullivan Branding

4. Don’t Let Others Manage Your Career

One of my mentors always said don’t let others manage your career because you will be unhappy with the results. What he meant by management is focusing on what skills and experiences you need to ultimately be in your dream job. I managed my moves carefully, making sure that I built the right skills to be a CEO. In the end, he was right and I am happy with the outcome. – Gina MichnowiczUnion+Webster

5. Earn Their Trust

The best piece of career advice I ever received was “earn their trust.” Whether it’s a client, a coworker, a vendor or a boss, once you have earned someone’s trust, new opportunities, information and cooperation come your way. I’ve found this to be true for the more than three decades of my career. – Drew McLellanAgency Management Institute

6. Fight For Happiness

A fairy tale misconception is that happiness (in work or in life) is presented to you by someone else (like a knight in shining armor). Truth is, your life, happiness, sense of balance and even how people treat you, are completely in your control. But the kicker is you have to fight for these things each day. – Jaymie Scotto CutaiaJaymie Scotto & Associates

7. Learn Something New Every Day

The pace of business is grueling and the energy required is exhausting. But, as one of my trusted mentors reminded me, our brain needs exercise each day. He suggested to seek new knowledge and become a student of the industry I serve, of my profession, as well as in parenting and in my faith. Learning something new is a privilege we can ill-afford to sacrifice. – Dave WendlandHamacher Resource Group

8. Treat Everyone How You Want To Be Treated

Anyone who comes in contact with your business or employees deserves to be treated with kindness and respect. I’ve held to this belief when dealing with rude inquiries, tough clients and bullying peers. The result is a company with a reputation for helping others, sticking to their word and producing results while being courteous. – Leila LewisBe Inspired PR

9. Don’t Be The Smartest One In The Room

Oftentimes, leaders feel that they need to be the “smartest guy or gal” in the room, and that couldn’t be further from the truth. Good leaders are the smartest one in the room, great leaders surround themselves with smarter people that will challenge ideas, bring new perspectives to the table and drive innovation. – Jacob HansonPR with Panache!

Forbes Agency Council is an invitation-only community for executives in successful public relations, media strategy, creative and advertising agencies. Do I qualify?

10. Improve, Don’t Perfect

Success doesn’t come overnight. The ascent toward your vision is long and steep, but only you can see it, so don’t be so hard on yourself. Start climbing and you’ll realize you’re on a never-ending hike. Strive for constant improvement, not perfection. – Lindsay MullenProsper Strategies

11. Never Complain When There’s A Lot Of Work

I was told by a mentor very early on that I should never complain when there’s a lot of work to do. I agree and tell my team the same thing. Be thankful there’s work to do. When something becomes easy or routine, it’s a clear sign you’re not growing. – Nicole RodriguesNRPR Group, LLC

12. Don’t Tie Your Sense Of Self-Worth To Your Job

Regardless of how good/bad your job is going at any time, you’re a valued individual regardless. If you’re finding that your emotions are held hostage to how you’re performing at work, it’s time to rethink your priorities and what truly matters to you. – Jeff TanDentsu Aegis Network

13. Slay The Dragon

Dragons take on many forms – the hardest task of the day, a new responsibility, an impending deadline, or even dealing with conflict – and the trick is to just slay the dragon and move on. Don’t overthink it. To succeed, you have to have the confidence to take things head on and keep moving forward. – Sarah MannoneTrekk

14. Market Yourself 

When I started my career, I was told, “Market yourself because no one else will do it for you.” I passed along every “great job!” email to my managers and then filed them away to read again whenever I needed a pick-me-up. I shared the work I had done of which I was proud and others might not be aware. And I counsel everyone I mentor to do the same. If you don’t have your own back, who will? – Starr Million BakerINK

15. You Are The CEO Of Your Life

As entrepreneurs, we’re going to work 100-hour weeks and get little thanks. So we have to be clear about our “why.” If you can think of anything else you’d rather be doing with your time, then what you’re doing today is not right. When you fully, deeply commit to your “why,” the grind is just part of the game. My “why” is to breathe life into the dreams of entrepreneurs. I can’t get enough of that. – Randy ShattuckThe Shattuck Group

Credit: Forbes.com | Forbes Agency Council

By JFY Content Team

The Best Questions to Ask in Every Job Interview Round

While it’s true you can never be completely sure about how well you’ll adjust to working with a new boss, company, or team, until you’ve actually started working, asking probing and strategic questions during the interview process, is one of the easiest ways to gather useful intel about potential opportunities.

 

I mean, who wants to jump through all those hoops only to realize a month later that your boss is the ultimate micro-manager, your co-workers are backstabbers, and the work hours are closer to 60 than 40. Oh, and no one works from home, not ever.

Coming up with questions to ask during your interview—especially ones that’ll help you learn more about what it’d really be like to work at the company (and make you look smart)—is hard but necessary. You don’t want to imply that benefits are all you care about or that your number one priority is flexible hours, and so there’s a bit of a science to knowing what to ask and when.

Given that the average interview process involves three to four rounds and can now stretch out over several weeks, you’ve got plenty of time to ask about job responsibilities, company culture, and team dynamic. Here are a few ideas for every stage.

Questions for the First Round

The questions you ask in the beginning should help you get a read on company culture as well as clarity on the specifics of the actual job you’re applying for (read: questions that can’t be answered by reading the job description).

“How Does the Role I’m Applying to Contribute to the Organization’s Overall Success?”

The answer to this allows you to learn more about the scope and impact of the role. You’ll also be able to gauge how much value the company places on finding the right fit.

“What Was Your Primary Reason for Deciding to Work Here?”

The response to this should allow you to get to know your interviewer better by learning what their core values are. It can also provide additional insight into benefits of joining the company that you may’ve overlooked.

“Do You Have any Questions or Concerns About My Qualifications?”

This one shows you’re not afraid to ask difficult questions and allows you to address any concerns sooner rather than later on in the process—when you may no longer have the opportunity to fix them.

Questions for the Second Round

Now that you’ve impressed your first set of interviewers and made it to the second round, the questions you ask at this stage should help you understand how your career will be managed and the overall expectations of your future boss.

“How Involved Are Employees in Creating Their Own Responsibilities and Goals?”

This is an opportunity for you to find out how much control you’ll have when it comes to owning your work day and overall career trajectory.

“What are the Immediate Projects You’d Like Me to Work on in the First 30, 60, and 90 days?”

With this one, you’ll get a sense of what types of tasks your new manager will want you to work on when you first start work. The key here is to keep digging until you’re clear on the first set of expectations for the role.

“How Does Management Measure Employee Growth and Success?”

The answer to this will help you understand how your work will be evaluated and what you’ll need to focus on in order to set yourself up to be successful.

Questions for the Final Rounds

Once you’ve made it past the second round, there should be little doubt in the hiring manager’s mind as to whether or not you’ve got the skills and qualifications needed for the role. The questions you’ll be asked at this stage will typically shift to ones that assess your overall cultural fit—this means what you ask them during this stage should shift as well.

“What Can You Tell Me About the Team I’ll Be Working With?”

You’ll be spending most of your time alongside your new co-workers, so it’s wise to get a sense of the team dynamic in order to assess how seamlessly you’ll be able to adapt to the new environment.

“What Opportunities Do the Members Within the Team Have to Work Together on Projects and Assignments?”

This is another team dynamic question and the answer will give you some insight into whether the team is collaborative and team-oriented or not.

“What Type of Employee Does Well Here?”

This answer gives you the opportunity to assess whether your work style, personality, and skill set will mesh well in the new work environment.

Although you’ve likely heard it many times before, it’s worth repeating: The interview process is a two-way street. Not only is it an opportunity for the company you’re interviewing with to find out if you’d fit seamlessly into their world, it also gives you the chance to confirm if the organization, department, and position itself are the right next step for you and your career.

It’s important that you use this time as your chance to learn as much as you can about the ins and outs of the role—especially those aspects that are the most critical for your own fulfillment—in order to make an informed decision that’s in the best interest of you and your career.

 

(Article orinally appeared on The Muse)

By JFY Content Team

5 Tips to Create the Perfect Video Resume

In today’s highly competitive job market, creating the right video resume to accompany your traditional CV can make you stand out from the crowd. The wrong one, though, can make you a laughing stock.

Getting it right can be pretty tough. If you’re considering going down the video resume route, we’ve got some advice for you from pros in the know, as well as real-life examples of great attempts from clued-in job hunters.

Why make a video CV?

To start with, a video CV presents you as a real person, rather than a faceless list of experiences. As a result, this can make it much easier for employers to visualize you in their office. It allows you to communicate some of your personality and is a chance to really prove your language skills in a relaxed, informal way.

On top of this, it gives you the opportunity to add to the information on your CV, by providing more about your achievements and creating some context around your past experience and education. As a result, people are much more likely to connect with you, and understand what you have to bring to their company.

Most importantly? In a competitive job market, you’ll stand out! Companies are far more likely to notice your application in the first place, and even more likely to remember you when it comes to deciding who to interview.

Take a look at our five must-read tips for creating a video resume below:

1. Make Sure It’s Appropriate

Don’t just create a video resume because you can, create one because it’s relevant to the job you want to do.

If you’re applying for a role in the online, media, social or creative professions, then it’s more likely a decent video resume will have the desired effect, i.e., getting you invited for an interview.

Don’t send a video resume to a more traditional type of company that won’t “get it.” You might do your chances more harm than good.

2. Keep it relevant

It’s great to include some information about your passions and interests, but on the whole, try and keep it relevant to the sort of job you’re going for. Whether you love performing, you’re passionate about sports, or you’re enthusiastic about writing blog articles, make sure to refer to what these interests have taught you.

3. Don’t Just Read Out Your Resume

The whole point of a video presentation is to offer a potential employer greater insight into you than a traditional resume can, so just reading aloud the contents of your CV is a waste of everyone’s time.

Use the video to help the employer get a sense of not just what you have achieved, but what you are capable of achieving in the future.

4. What makes you unique?

Think about what makes you stand out from the crowd. Maybe you’ve earned an extracurricular qualification, started your own small business, or chosen to gain another language. Either way, it’s going to look good that you can offer something that others can’t.

5. Keep it short and sweet

We’ve found that the best length of time is around one minute; just enough to get yourself across, and not so long that you lose people’s attention.

That’s it! Keep it simple, keep it engaging, and keep it focused, and you’ll have the perfect supplement to your existing CV. Who knows, it could be the difference that lands you in your dream job!

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5 Tips to Create the Perfect Video Resume